We know that there is an ozone layer in the atmosphere that protects the harmful ultraviolet rays coming from the Sun from direct impact on the Earth and thus it prevents the destruction of life.
These rays fall on the planet, which increases the chances of diseases like skin cancer and cataract in the eyes and increases blindness.
Also, it affects water-life and destroys crops, gases such as nitric oxide, chlorine oxide, and chloro-fluoride are acting to destroy the ozone layer.
Currently, the ozone layer is pierced not only on Antarctica but also on islands such as the Arctic.
If the use of these chemicals is not stopped in time, the ozone layer will be depleted by about 15 per cent over the next decade. And humans will have to bear the brunt of the side effects of these ultraviolet rays.
The toxic gases produced by all these polluted things affect our lives. Along with this, its impact on historic buildings is also being seen very fast.
Take for example
- the temples of Taj Mahal and Mathura in India. There are oil refineries around these places and monuments and the effects of these factories are examples of ‘stone cancer’ ‘Besides, the Red Fort of Delhi and the Agra Fort in India are also losing their lustre from the black smoke emanating from the railways.
- Jodhpur, known as Surya Nagri, is known for its natural beauty, and Udaipur, the city of lakes known for its good environment, has also been hit by pollution.
- We know that water is available on 70 per cent of the entire area of the Earth’s surface But why do humans and animals die of thirst despite having so much water, what is the reason for this ??
- Have you ever thought that you will see that plants dry up today because water contains more mineral salts, organisms, and inorganics than necessary and these substances are being used and these substances are used to make the water submerged by acid plants? Pollute?
- In India, the main three rivers like Ganga, Yamuna, Gomti, etc. are also in the grip of heavy pollution today.
- And due to the rapid industrial and urbanization development, the problem of water pollution is getting serious day by day.
- Because the waste residuals of factories are dumped into rivers, the amount of oxygen in the water is decreasing and the amount of sulfate, nitrate, and chloride, etc, is increasing.
- This is affecting the life of aquatic animals and flora and increasing their chances of extinction.
- Pollution also causes noise pollution like air, water, and land, which are very harmful to humans.
- Its intensity measuring unit is called a decibel and a normal microphone converts sound into electrical power.
- That’s why sound measuring instruments have been made. Which display readings in decibels.
- There is also a certain limit to hearing sound in the ears of human beings when hearing a sound greater than this adversely affects the human body, then we can define it by noise pollution or noise.
- And noise is the sound that interrupts a person’s normal level of hearing. And the measurement unit of decibel starts at zero, zero decibels is the sound that cannot be heard by our ears.
- Although the sound from 25 to 60 decibels is quiet, the sound from 61 to 75 decibels can be called normal and the sound above 75 decibels can be called noise.
- The World Health Organization has described 45 sounds as audible and safer for human health, but generally, more than 60 decibels have also been called noise pollution.
- The common people should be made aware of the dangers of pollution so that every person will do everything possible to reduce pollution at its level.
- Pollution can also be reduced by planting more trees.
For this, the government should also think that it should arrange some land at every place where every person can plant at least one tree in his name for memorial and health, and also inspire others.